Indica and Sativa were first discovered in the 18th century. Described first as two separate species of cannabis: Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica.
Sativa was used to describe hemp plants that were usually found in Europe and western Eurasia, where it was cultivated for the fiber and seeds found within. Cannabis Indica refers to the very euphoric varieties found in India, where it is procured for seeds, fiber and hashish.
Most of the time, when people refer to Cannabis Sativa or Cannabis Indica; the thought is Sativa is energetic and Indica is heavy and “In da Couch”. However, what really directs the euphoria is the terpene or flavor that strain of cannabis possesses.
The words Sativa and Indica are referring to the difference in plant growth. Specifically, fan leaves on a Sativa plant are long and skinny adapted for high humidity environments. While Indica plants have wider and darker leaves having adapted for dryer areas.
The term “Hybrid” is really speaking to the combination of the cannabis varieties found with a specific strain. A great example is the strain Chemdawg, a combination of OG Kush (Indica) and Sour Diesel (Sativa) which create a perfectly even 50/50 Hybrid.
For more information on Terpenes there is a blog coming soon